To take care of special needs of Juanga People (PVTGs), a micro project called Juanga Development Agency ( JDA ) covering 6 G.Ps. and 35 villages of Panchayat Samiti, Banspal is functioning in this District with effect from Dt.07.10.1978 with special allocation from Govt. of India. The total geographical area of the Juanga Development Agency is 641.44 Sq.K.Ms. as per base line survey made during 2010 by this agency, the total population is 9046. out of which male population is 4471 and female population is 4575. The total literacy rate of Juang people is 38.18% . The male and female literacy rate is 46.31% and 30.05% respectively. Total nos. of house hold 2054. Sex ratio-1027 Females/1000 Males. They speak Juanga, a dialect of Munda language. They grow a variety of cereals and pulses in their swiddens. They live in unclean village settlement. In every village there is a youth dormitory-cum-community centre called Mandaghara/ Majang. They usually observe their festivals and marriage ceremony with Changu dance. In the evening coming back from the field the females remain busy in cooking and males member go to mandaghara for spending their leisure hours in gossiping and warming of their body. At the fire place it is worth mentioning that fire used to burn in mandaghara day & night throughout the year.
ST & SC Development, Minorities & Backward Classes
IFS, Commissioner-cum-Secretary (I/C)
IAS, Collector-cum-Chairman, JDA
Special Officer, JDA Gonasika
Family is the smallest social unit around which major social,
religious and such other activities revolve round. Nuclear type of
family is common and after marriage a son is expected to stay with
his wife in a separate house.
In order to develop education and literacy rate of Juang girls, a
special educational complex has been set up in 2008-09 in JDA area
at Gonasika. There are 360 Nos. of girls are schooling and boarding
at the complex.
JDA is working towards improving livelihoods of tribal and other
marginalized groups from subsistence to sustenance and expanding
employment opportunities though skill development.
The programme will support documentation of traditional knowledge
among PVTGs in water harvesting, conserving agro-biodiversity,
traditional medicine, land development, etc.